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  • Know more about lumbar disc surgery

    Lumbar refers to the lower end of the spine and the intervertebral disc (or disc) is the soft jelly like substance that lies between two adjacent vertebrae. Occasionally the central portion of the disc (nucleus pulposus) tears through the surrounding layers (annulus pulposus) and can compress and irritate the nerves extending from the spinal cord. This condition is referred to as a disc herniation (also referred to as disc prolapse or slipped disc). Compression and irritation of the nerves causes pain in the legs (sciatica), numbness, pins and needles, and muscular weakness in the legs. The presence and severity of these symptoms vary from person to person. Rarely, there may be difficulty in passing urine and stools.

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  • Scoliosis

    A normal spine appears straight when observed from the back. Scoliosis (derived from Greek word - skolios - meaning crooked) refers to an abnormal sideward curvature of the spine. In addition to the sideward bend in the spine, some amount of rotation of the spine is also present. The sideward bend and rotation lead to a prominence of the ribs on one side of the back and an asymmetry of the waist and shoulders. On the other hand, an abnormal forward bend of the spine is called kyphosis (hunch-back).

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